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Meanders and holomorphic differentials

Holomorphic Differentials in Mathematics and Physics November 18, 2019 - November 22, 2019

November 21, 2019 (09:30 AM PST - 10:30 AM PST)
Speaker(s): Vincent Delecroix (Université de Bordeaux I)
Location: MSRI: Simons Auditorium
Primary Mathematics Subject Classification No Primary AMS MSC
Secondary Mathematics Subject Classification No Secondary AMS MSC

A meander is a (homotopy class of) a pair of curves on the sphere with transverse intersections. The meandric number M_n is the count of "rooted" meanders with 2n intersections. One has M_1=1, M_2=2, M_3=8 and M_4=42. Understanding the asymptotic growth rate of M_n remains an open problem in mathematics/statistical physics. In this talk we will consider the refinement M_{n,k} that counts meanders with 2n intersections and whose complement has exactly k bigons. In this settings, we can describe the asymptotics as n tends to infinity for each fixed k.

Our solution relies on associating a quadratic differential to a meander (a so called square tiled surface) and relates the counting of M_{n,k} to the Masur-Veech volumes of quadratic differentials on the sphere with k punctures.

This is a joint work with E. Goujard, P. Zograf and A. Zorich.

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